We have seen in previous lessons how you can assess your hand, both before and after the flop, and this lesson guides you through the betting process, once you have decided to play.
In order to figure out the right time to bet, it is imperative to understand why we might want to. Broadly speaking, there are four different reasons to bet:
- To build a pot and gain value for a strong hand (a "value" bet)
- To protect a strong hand and make sure opponents are forced to pay to continue in a pot (a "protection" bet)
- To force other people to fold so that your weak hand can win (a "bluff").
Betting For ValueWhen you have a stronger hand than your opponents, the ideal scenario is that you bet and are called (at least). This ensures that there is more money in the pot for you to win with your better hand.
Putting money in the pot when your hand is the strongest gains you "value", and value bets help you to maximise the return from your winning hands.
You have and the flop has come . You have top pair (aces) with top kicker (king) and your hand can only improve (if another ace or king comes on turn or river, or another heart.) You should definitely bet to build the pot and maximise your return from your strong holding.
Betting For ProtectionThe incremental manner in which a full poker hand is exposed - pre-flop, on the flop, turn and then river - means that the lead in a hand can change as new cards are exposed. It is possible for one hand to be ahead pre-flop, another to overtake it after the flop, and a third or fourth still to overtake them both on the turn or river.
When a favoured hand is beaten by a weaker hand, it is said to be "out-drawn" and the aim of a "protection" bet is to safeguard against this. If you have a big hand but it is vulnerable to being out-drawn, you might want to make a protection bet. It forces your opponent to pay even more money to hit a draw, else fold their cards and yield the pot at the stage that your hand is still ahead.
Player 1 has
Player 2 has
Player 3 has
Player 4 has
Player 1 is leading at the start of the hand with a pair of aces, but a flop of puts Player 2 ahead with a set of jacks. A turn of would put Player 3 ahead with his ace-high flush, but a river of would put Player 4 ahead with a seven-high straight flush.
The full board would read: and the players' hands would be as follows:
Player 1 would have two pair, aces and threes ()
Player 2 would have a full house, jacks over threes ()
Player 3 would have an ace-high flush ()
Player 4 would have a seven-high straight flush ()
At any stage, each player might have wanted to make either a value or a protection bet, either to build the pot or to protect his hand. Only Player 4 can make a pure value bet at the end, knowing he has an unbeatable hand, aka "the nuts".
Betting as a BluffFor many people who don't know very much about poker, "bluffing" is considered to be a central element of the game. But although bluffing plays a part in poker, you should only consider it if you think there is a decent chance of forcing an opponent to fold.
Bluffing is the name given to the process of making a bet with a weak hand and forcing other players to throw away better hands. The second part of that process is equally as important as the first.
You hold in late position and raise before the flop. The player in the big blind calls. The flop is and your opponent checks.
You have only king high, with a jack kicker, which is a very weak hand and has very slim chances of improving. But there is also a decent chance your opponent has nothing either.
If your opponent checks - indicating a weak hand - it is a good idea to make a bet in order to get him to fold. Even if he has a hand like or he may be persuaded to fold. Both those hands are better than yours but will often fold against a bluff.